Network File Services
This is actually the main reason I set out to build this
thing. Sometimes I like to work on stuff out in the front yard,
sometimes I'm working on stuff at my desktop, sometimes I like to work
on stuff or need a file when I'm not even in town. That's where network
file servers come in. There are two popular ways to share files, the Network File System and Server Message Block, the former being easy to
setup on Unix and a pain to setup on Windows, the latter being easy to
setup on Windows and a pain to setup on Unix. Since I have both, I
decided to go with both.
Setting up Windows File Sharing
At this point I went ahead and loaded up the 120 or so
data I had on my desktop and notebook's hard discs to
/home/server/FILE_SHARE via FTP. Since most of the computers I will be
accessing this data from are Windows machines, I now had to setup Samba
- a program which allows you to setup Windows style CIFS file shares on
Unix. Since Samba comes with a great web-based configuration tool which
isn't installed with the binary package, I went ahead and compiled it
from the ports collection. Just be sure to select the "Enable SWAT"
option in the configuration menu that pops up. Add the line samba_enable="YES"
to /etc/rc.conf, then run service samba start
Swat listens on port 901, so to configure it just go to
server's address:901 in your web browser. Login as root. In my case I
just needed to setup sharing of home driectories, which involves
clicking on the GLOBALS tab, entering the workgroup, server string and
NetBIOS name and changing Security to SERVER. Windows uses the NetBIOS
name to locate the server, so type that into windows explorer to test
On a multi-interface machine, it's a good idea to set the interface variable on the Globals
page to the IP and netmask of your internal network card (like
10.0.0.1/8), which prevents SMB requests being served to the internet.
external access to ports 901 and 445 via firewall.
The first time you access the share it asks for a
password. This is the same username and password you would use to login
to the Unix machine under whatever account you want to use for that
purpose, in my case, server. Click on "remember my credentials" and
then map it to a drive letter - in Windows 7 you do that by going to
Computer, clicking on "Map network drive" and then entering the path to
your server, in my case \\MAINFRAME\server\FILE_SHARE
Setting up Unix File Sharing
The best way to share files among Unix machines is via
This is super easy to setup since it's already built in. Add the
following lines to /etc/rc.conf
To setup the file system to be shared, edit
/etc/exports. Here's mine:
-maproot=root -network 10.0.0/8
Which exports the /usr/home filesystem to my local
The client you're exporting the filesystem to needs to have the line nfs_client="YES"
in it's rc.conf as well. The automatic mounter daemon amd can be configured to
automatically mount available NFS shares, or you can just add it to
/etc/fstab like any other file system like so
/mainframe nfs rw,noauto
Since my Reven LXIV desktop
setup with Windows Services for Unix I can also access my files via NFS
from it as well.